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jOOQ and Groovy

Applies to ✅ Open Source Edition   ✅ Express Edition   ✅ Professional Edition   ✅ Enterprise Edition

As any other library, jOOQ can be easily used in Groovy, taking advantage of the many Groovy language features such as for example:

  • Optional ";" at the end of a Groovy statement
  • Type inference for local variables

A short example jOOQ application in Groovy might look like this:

package org.jooq.groovy

import static org.jooq.impl.DSL.*
import static org.jooq.groovy.example.h2.Tables.*

import groovy.sql.Sql
import org.jooq.*
import org.jooq.impl.DSL

sql = Sql.newInstance('jdbc:h2:~/groovy-test', 'sa', '', 'org.h2.Driver');

a = AUTHOR.as("a");
b = BOOK.as("b")

   .select(a.FIRST_NAME, a.LAST_NAME, b.TITLE)
   .fetchInto ({
       r -> println(
           "${r.getValue(a.FIRST_NAME)} " +
           "${r.getValue(a.LAST_NAME)} " +
           "has written ${r.getValue(b.TITLE)}"
   } as RecordHandler)

Note that while Groovy supports some means of operator overloading, we think that these means should be avoided in a jOOQ integration. For instance, a + b in Groovy maps to a formal a.plus(b) method invocation, and jOOQ provides the required synonyms in its API to help you write such expressions. Nonetheless, Groovy only offers little typesafety, and as such, operator overloading can lead to many runtime issues.

Another caveat of Groovy operator overloading is the fact that operators such as == or >= map to a.equals(b), a.compareTo(b) == 0, a.compareTo(b) >= 0 respectively. This behaviour does not make sense in a fluent API such as jOOQ.


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