Available in versions: Dev (3.20) | Latest (3.19) | 3.18 | 3.17 | 3.16

BIT_XOR_AGG

Applies to ✅ Open Source Edition   ✅ Express Edition   ✅ Professional Edition   ✅ Enterprise Edition

An aggregate function to perform the equivalent of the BIT_XOR function on a data set. In other words, the resulting bits are:

  • 1 at position p if the argument is 1 at position p for an odd number of rows in the group.
  • 0 at position p if the argument is 0 at position p for an even number of rows in the group.

As with most aggregate functions, NULL values are not aggregated.

SELECT
  bit_xor_agg(ID),
  bit_xor_agg(AUTHOR_ID)
FROM BOOK
create.select(
         bitXorAgg(BOOK.ID),
         bitXorAgg(BOOK.AUTHOR_ID))
      .from(BOOK)

Producing:

+-------------+-------------+
| bit_xor_agg | bit_xor_agg |
+-------------+-------------+
|           4 |           0 |
+-------------+-------------+

Dialect support

This example using jOOQ:

bitXorAgg(BOOK.ID.coerce(TINYINT))

Translates to the following dialect specific expressions:

ASE, Redshift, SQLDataWarehouse, SQLServer

(CASE
  WHEN (count(CASE
    WHEN (BOOK.ID & 1) = 1 THEN 1
  END) % 2) = 1 THEN 1
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN (count(CASE
    WHEN (BOOK.ID & 2) = 2 THEN 1
  END) % 2) = 1 THEN 2
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN (count(CASE
    WHEN (BOOK.ID & 4) = 4 THEN 1
  END) % 2) = 1 THEN 4
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN (count(CASE
    WHEN (BOOK.ID & 8) = 8 THEN 1
  END) % 2) = 1 THEN 8
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN (count(CASE
    WHEN (BOOK.ID & 16) = 16 THEN 1
  END) % 2) = 1 THEN 16
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN (count(CASE
    WHEN (BOOK.ID & 32) = 32 THEN 1
  END) % 2) = 1 THEN 32
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN (count(CASE
    WHEN (BOOK.ID & 64) = 64 THEN 1
  END) % 2) = 1 THEN 64
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN (count(CASE
    WHEN (BOOK.ID & -128) = -128 THEN 1
  END) % 2) = 1 THEN -128
  ELSE 0
END)

Aurora MySQL, Oracle, Snowflake

bit_xor_agg(BOOK.ID)

Aurora Postgres, CockroachDB, YugabyteDB

(CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE (BOOK.ID & 1) = 1),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 1
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE (BOOK.ID & 2) = 2),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 2
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE (BOOK.ID & 4) = 4),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 4
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE (BOOK.ID & 8) = 8),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 8
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE (BOOK.ID & 16) = 16),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 16
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE (BOOK.ID & 32) = 32),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 32
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE (BOOK.ID & 64) = 64),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 64
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE (BOOK.ID & -128) = -128),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN -128
  ELSE 0
END)

BigQuery, DuckDB, MariaDB, MySQL, Postgres, Sybase

bit_xor(BOOK.ID)

DB2, Hana, Informix

(CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(CASE
      WHEN bitand(
        BOOK.ID,
        1
      ) = 1 THEN 1
    END),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 1
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(CASE
      WHEN bitand(
        BOOK.ID,
        2
      ) = 2 THEN 1
    END),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 2
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(CASE
      WHEN bitand(
        BOOK.ID,
        4
      ) = 4 THEN 1
    END),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 4
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(CASE
      WHEN bitand(
        BOOK.ID,
        8
      ) = 8 THEN 1
    END),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 8
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(CASE
      WHEN bitand(
        BOOK.ID,
        16
      ) = 16 THEN 1
    END),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 16
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(CASE
      WHEN bitand(
        BOOK.ID,
        32
      ) = 32 THEN 1
    END),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 32
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(CASE
      WHEN bitand(
        BOOK.ID,
        64
      ) = 64 THEN 1
    END),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 64
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(CASE
      WHEN bitand(
        BOOK.ID,
        -128
      ) = -128 THEN 1
    END),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN -128
  ELSE 0
END)

Exasol

(CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(CASE
      WHEN bit_and(
        BOOK.ID,
        1
      ) = 1 THEN 1
    END),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 1
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(CASE
      WHEN bit_and(
        BOOK.ID,
        2
      ) = 2 THEN 1
    END),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 2
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(CASE
      WHEN bit_and(
        BOOK.ID,
        4
      ) = 4 THEN 1
    END),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 4
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(CASE
      WHEN bit_and(
        BOOK.ID,
        8
      ) = 8 THEN 1
    END),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 8
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(CASE
      WHEN bit_and(
        BOOK.ID,
        16
      ) = 16 THEN 1
    END),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 16
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(CASE
      WHEN bit_and(
        BOOK.ID,
        32
      ) = 32 THEN 1
    END),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 32
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(CASE
      WHEN bit_and(
        BOOK.ID,
        64
      ) = 64 THEN 1
    END),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 64
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(CASE
      WHEN bit_and(
        BOOK.ID,
        -128
      ) = -128 THEN 1
    END),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN -128
  ELSE 0
END)

Firebird

(CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE bin_and(
      BOOK.ID,
      1
    ) = 1),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 1
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE bin_and(
      BOOK.ID,
      2
    ) = 2),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 2
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE bin_and(
      BOOK.ID,
      4
    ) = 4),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 4
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE bin_and(
      BOOK.ID,
      8
    ) = 8),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 8
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE bin_and(
      BOOK.ID,
      16
    ) = 16),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 16
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE bin_and(
      BOOK.ID,
      32
    ) = 32),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 32
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE bin_and(
      BOOK.ID,
      64
    ) = 64),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 64
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE bin_and(
      BOOK.ID,
      -128
    ) = -128),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN -128
  ELSE 0
END)

H2, HSQLDB

(CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE bitand(
      BOOK.ID,
      1
    ) = 1),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 1
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE bitand(
      BOOK.ID,
      2
    ) = 2),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 2
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE bitand(
      BOOK.ID,
      4
    ) = 4),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 4
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE bitand(
      BOOK.ID,
      8
    ) = 8),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 8
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE bitand(
      BOOK.ID,
      16
    ) = 16),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 16
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE bitand(
      BOOK.ID,
      32
    ) = 32),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 32
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE bitand(
      BOOK.ID,
      64
    ) = 64),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 64
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE bitand(
      BOOK.ID,
      -128
    ) = -128),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN -128
  ELSE 0
END)

MemSQL

(CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(CASE
      WHEN (BOOK.ID & 1) = 1 THEN 1
    END),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 1
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(CASE
      WHEN (BOOK.ID & 2) = 2 THEN 1
    END),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 2
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(CASE
      WHEN (BOOK.ID & 4) = 4 THEN 1
    END),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 4
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(CASE
      WHEN (BOOK.ID & 8) = 8 THEN 1
    END),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 8
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(CASE
      WHEN (BOOK.ID & 16) = 16 THEN 1
    END),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 16
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(CASE
      WHEN (BOOK.ID & 32) = 32 THEN 1
    END),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 32
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(CASE
      WHEN (BOOK.ID & 64) = 64 THEN 1
    END),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 64
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(CASE
      WHEN (BOOK.ID & -128) = -128 THEN 1
    END),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN -128
  ELSE 0
END)

SQLite

(CASE
  WHEN (count(*) FILTER (WHERE (BOOK.ID & 1) = 1) % 2) = 1 THEN 1
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN (count(*) FILTER (WHERE (BOOK.ID & 2) = 2) % 2) = 1 THEN 2
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN (count(*) FILTER (WHERE (BOOK.ID & 4) = 4) % 2) = 1 THEN 4
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN (count(*) FILTER (WHERE (BOOK.ID & 8) = 8) % 2) = 1 THEN 8
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN (count(*) FILTER (WHERE (BOOK.ID & 16) = 16) % 2) = 1 THEN 16
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN (count(*) FILTER (WHERE (BOOK.ID & 32) = 32) % 2) = 1 THEN 32
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN (count(*) FILTER (WHERE (BOOK.ID & 64) = 64) % 2) = 1 THEN 64
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN (count(*) FILTER (WHERE (BOOK.ID & -128) = -128) % 2) = 1 THEN -128
  ELSE 0
END)

Teradata

(CASE
  WHEN (count(CASE
    WHEN bitand(
      BOOK.ID,
      1
    ) = 1 THEN 1
  END) MOD 2) = 1 THEN 1
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN (count(CASE
    WHEN bitand(
      BOOK.ID,
      2
    ) = 2 THEN 1
  END) MOD 2) = 1 THEN 2
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN (count(CASE
    WHEN bitand(
      BOOK.ID,
      4
    ) = 4 THEN 1
  END) MOD 2) = 1 THEN 4
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN (count(CASE
    WHEN bitand(
      BOOK.ID,
      8
    ) = 8 THEN 1
  END) MOD 2) = 1 THEN 8
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN (count(CASE
    WHEN bitand(
      BOOK.ID,
      16
    ) = 16 THEN 1
  END) MOD 2) = 1 THEN 16
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN (count(CASE
    WHEN bitand(
      BOOK.ID,
      32
    ) = 32 THEN 1
  END) MOD 2) = 1 THEN 32
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN (count(CASE
    WHEN bitand(
      BOOK.ID,
      64
    ) = 64 THEN 1
  END) MOD 2) = 1 THEN 64
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN (count(CASE
    WHEN bitand(
      BOOK.ID,
      -128
    ) = -128 THEN 1
  END) MOD 2) = 1 THEN -128
  ELSE 0
END)

Trino

(CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE bitwise_and(
      BOOK.ID,
      1
    ) = 1),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 1
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE bitwise_and(
      BOOK.ID,
      2
    ) = 2),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 2
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE bitwise_and(
      BOOK.ID,
      4
    ) = 4),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 4
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE bitwise_and(
      BOOK.ID,
      8
    ) = 8),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 8
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE bitwise_and(
      BOOK.ID,
      16
    ) = 16),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 16
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE bitwise_and(
      BOOK.ID,
      32
    ) = 32),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 32
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE bitwise_and(
      BOOK.ID,
      64
    ) = 64),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN 64
  ELSE 0
END + CASE
  WHEN mod(
    count(*) FILTER (WHERE bitwise_and(
      BOOK.ID,
      -128
    ) = -128),
    2
  ) = 1 THEN -128
  ELSE 0
END)

Vertica

hex_to_integer(to_hex(bit_xor(hex_to_binary(to_hex(BOOK.ID)))))

Access, Derby

/* UNSUPPORTED */

(These are currently generated with jOOQ 3.20, see #10141), or translate your own on our website

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