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INSERT .. ON DUPLICATE KEY IGNORE

Applies to ✅ Open Source Edition   ✅ Express Edition   ✅ Professional Edition   ✅ Enterprise Edition

The MySQL database also supports an INSERT IGNORE INTO clause. This is supported by jOOQ using the more convenient SQL syntax variant of ON DUPLICATE KEY IGNORE:

// Add a new author called "Koontz" with ID 3.
// If that ID is already present, ignore the INSERT statement
create.insertInto(AUTHOR, AUTHOR.ID, AUTHOR.LAST_NAME)
      .values(3, "Koontz")
      .onDuplicateKeyIgnore()
      .execute();

If the underlying database doesn't have any way to "ignore" failing INSERT statements, (e.g. MySQL via INSERT IGNORE), jOOQ can emulate the statement using a MERGE statement, or using INSERT .. SELECT WHERE NOT EXISTS.

The MySQL INSERT IGNORE statement ignores more constraint violations than just duplicate keys, so the emulation isn't exactly equivalent, see #5211

Dialect support

This example using jOOQ:

insertInto(AUTHOR, AUTHOR.ID, AUTHOR.LAST_NAME).values(3, "X").onDuplicateKeyIgnore()

Translates to the following dialect specific expressions:

Access

INSERT INTO AUTHOR (ID, LAST_NAME)
SELECT t.v0, t.v1
FROM (
  SELECT
    3 v0,
    'X' v1
  FROM (
    SELECT count(*) dual
    FROM MSysResources
  ) AS dual
  WHERE NOT EXISTS (
    SELECT 1 one
    FROM AUTHOR
    WHERE AUTHOR.ID = 3
  )
) t

ASE, Redshift, SQLDataWarehouse, Trino, Vertica

INSERT INTO AUTHOR (ID, LAST_NAME)
SELECT t.v0, t.v1
FROM (
  SELECT
    3 v0,
    'X' v1
  WHERE NOT EXISTS (
    SELECT 1 one
    FROM AUTHOR
    WHERE AUTHOR.ID = 3
  )
) t

Aurora MySQL, MariaDB, MySQL

INSERT IGNORE INTO AUTHOR (ID, LAST_NAME)
VALUES (
  3, 
  'X'
)

Aurora Postgres, CockroachDB, DuckDB, Postgres, SQLite, YugabyteDB

INSERT INTO AUTHOR (ID, LAST_NAME)
VALUES (
  3, 
  'X'
)
ON CONFLICT
DO NOTHING

BigQuery

INSERT INTO AUTHOR (ID, LAST_NAME)
SELECT t.v0, t.v1
FROM (
  SELECT
    3 v0,
    'X' v1
  FROM UNNEST([STRUCT(1 AS dual)]) AS dual
  WHERE NOT EXISTS (
    SELECT 1 one
    FROM AUTHOR
    WHERE AUTHOR.ID = 3
  )
) t

DB2

MERGE INTO AUTHOR
USING (
  SELECT 3, 'X'
  FROM SYSIBM.DUAL
) t (ID, LAST_NAME)
ON AUTHOR.ID = t.ID
WHEN NOT MATCHED THEN INSERT (ID, LAST_NAME)
VALUES (
  t.ID, 
  t.LAST_NAME
)

Derby

MERGE INTO AUTHOR
USING SYSIBM.SYSDUMMY1
ON AUTHOR.ID = 3
WHEN NOT MATCHED THEN INSERT (ID, LAST_NAME)
VALUES (
  3, 
  'X'
)

Exasol, MemSQL

INSERT INTO AUTHOR (ID, LAST_NAME)
SELECT t.v0, t.v1
FROM (
  SELECT
    3 v0,
    'X' v1
  FROM DUAL
  WHERE NOT EXISTS (
    SELECT 1 one
    FROM AUTHOR
    WHERE AUTHOR.ID = 3
  )
) t

Firebird

MERGE INTO AUTHOR
USING (
  SELECT 3, 'X'
  FROM RDB$DATABASE
) t (ID, LAST_NAME)
ON AUTHOR.ID = t.ID
WHEN NOT MATCHED THEN INSERT (ID, LAST_NAME)
VALUES (
  t.ID, 
  t.LAST_NAME
)

H2

MERGE INTO AUTHOR
USING (
  SELECT
    3 ID,
    'X' LAST_NAME
) t
ON AUTHOR.ID = t.ID
WHEN NOT MATCHED THEN INSERT (ID, LAST_NAME)
VALUES (
  t.ID, 
  t.LAST_NAME
)

Hana

MERGE INTO AUTHOR
USING (
  (
    SELECT
      3 ID,
      'X' LAST_NAME
    FROM SYS.DUMMY
  )
) t
ON AUTHOR.ID = t.ID
WHEN NOT MATCHED THEN INSERT (ID, LAST_NAME)
VALUES (
  t.ID, 
  t.LAST_NAME
)

HSQLDB

MERGE INTO AUTHOR
USING (
  SELECT 3, 'X'
  FROM (VALUES(1)) AS dual(dual)
) t (ID, LAST_NAME)
ON AUTHOR.ID = t.ID
WHEN NOT MATCHED THEN INSERT (ID, LAST_NAME)
VALUES (
  t.ID, 
  t.LAST_NAME
)

Informix

INSERT INTO AUTHOR (ID, LAST_NAME)
SELECT t.v0, t.v1
FROM (
  SELECT
    3 v0,
    'X' v1
  FROM (
    SELECT 1 AS dual
    FROM systables
    WHERE (tabid = 1)
  ) AS dual
  WHERE NOT EXISTS (
    SELECT 1 one
    FROM AUTHOR
    WHERE AUTHOR.ID = 3
  )
) t

Oracle

MERGE INTO AUTHOR
USING (
  (
    SELECT
      3 ID,
      'X' LAST_NAME
  )
) t
ON (AUTHOR.ID = t.ID)
WHEN NOT MATCHED THEN INSERT (ID, LAST_NAME)
VALUES (
  t.ID, 
  t.LAST_NAME
)

Snowflake

MERGE INTO AUTHOR
USING (
  SELECT 3, 'X'
) t (ID, LAST_NAME)
ON AUTHOR.ID = t.ID
WHEN NOT MATCHED THEN INSERT (ID, LAST_NAME)
VALUES (
  t.ID, 
  t.LAST_NAME
)

SQLServer

MERGE INTO AUTHOR
USING (
  SELECT 3, 'X'
) t (ID, LAST_NAME)
ON AUTHOR.ID = t.ID
WHEN NOT MATCHED THEN INSERT (ID, LAST_NAME)
VALUES (
  t.ID, 
  t.LAST_NAME
);

Sybase

MERGE INTO AUTHOR
USING (
  SELECT 3, 'X'
  FROM SYS.DUMMY
) t (ID, LAST_NAME)
ON AUTHOR.ID = t.ID
WHEN NOT MATCHED THEN INSERT (ID, LAST_NAME)
VALUES (
  t.ID, 
  t.LAST_NAME
)

Teradata

MERGE INTO AUTHOR
USING (
  SELECT 3, 'X'
  FROM (
    SELECT 1 AS "dual"
  ) AS "dual"
) t (ID, LAST_NAME)
ON AUTHOR.ID = t.ID
WHEN NOT MATCHED THEN INSERT (ID, LAST_NAME)
VALUES (
  t.ID, 
  t.LAST_NAME
)

(These are currently generated with jOOQ 3.20, see #10141), or translate your own on our website

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