Available in versions: Dev (3.20) | Latest (3.19) | 3.18 | 3.17 | 3.16 | 3.15 | 3.14 | 3.13 | 3.12 | 3.11 | 3.10

CONCAT (|| operator)

Applies to ✅ Open Source Edition   ✅ Express Edition   ✅ Professional Edition   ✅ Enterprise Edition

The CONCAT() function concatenates several strings

SELECT concat('hello', ' ', 'world');
create.select(concat("hello", " ", "world")).fetch();

The result being

+-------------+
| concat      |
+-------------+
| hello world |
+-------------+
See ARRAY_CONCAT for an array version of this function.

Dialect support

This example using jOOQ:

concat("hello", " ", "world")

Translates to the following dialect specific expressions:

Access

('hello' & ' ')

ASE, Aurora Postgres, BigQuery, CockroachDB, DB2, Derby, DuckDB, Exasol, Firebird, H2, HSQLDB, Hana, Informix, Oracle, Postgres, Redshift, SQLite, Snowflake, Sybase, Teradata, Trino, Vertica, YugabyteDB

(('hello' || ' ') || 'world')

Aurora MySQL, MariaDB, MemSQL, MySQL

concat('hello', ' ', 'world')

SQLDataWarehouse, SQLServer

(('hello' + ' ') + 'world')

(These are currently generated with jOOQ 3.20, see #10141), or translate your own on our website

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