Available in versions: Dev (3.18) | Latest (3.17) | 3.16

ST_Difference

Applies to ❌ Open Source Edition   ✅ Express Edition   ✅ Professional Edition   ✅ Enterprise Edition

This function subtracts a geometry from another. For example:

create.select(stDifference(
  stGeomFromText("POLYGON ((-1 -1, 1 -1, 1 1, -1 1, -1 -1))"),
  stGeomFromText("POLYGON ((0 0, 2 0, 2 2, 0 2, 0 0))"),
)).fetch();

The result being, for example

+----------------------------------------------------+
| ST_Difference                                      |
+----------------------------------------------------+
| POLYGON ((-1 1, 0 1, 0 0, 1 0, 1 -1, -1 -1, -1 1)) |
+----------------------------------------------------+

Or, visually:






Dialect support

This example using jOOQ:

stDifference(geometry1, geometry2)

Translates to the following dialect specific expressions:

-- AURORA_MYSQL, AURORA_POSTGRES, COCKROACHDB, MARIADB, MYSQL, POSTGRES, REDSHIFT
st_difference(geometry1, geometry2)

-- ORACLE
sdo_geom.sdo_difference(geometry1, geometry2, tol => null)

-- SQLSERVER
geometry1.STDifference(geometry2)

-- ACCESS, ASE, BIGQUERY, DB2, DERBY, EXASOL, FIREBIRD, H2, HANA, HSQLDB, INFORMIX, MEMSQL, SNOWFLAKE, SQLDATAWAREHOUSE, 
-- SQLITE, SYBASE, TERADATA, VERTICA, YUGABYTEDB
/* UNSUPPORTED */

(These are currently generated with jOOQ 3.18, see #10141), or translate your own on our website

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