Applies to ✅ Open Source Edition ✅ Express Edition ✅ Professional Edition ✅ Enterprise Edition
NATURAL KEYoperator can quickly produce ambiguities as the column names between two tables in a complex join tree aren't always unique, nor should they be included in a
LAST_UPDATEor other technical columns, present on every table). This can even happen for queries that have worked in the past, but due to new columns being added to tables, will stop working. In fact, it's very hard to design a schema to allow for using
NATURAL JOIN. Use this clause with caution!
One way to supply this join predicate is the
NATURAL clause, which works like USING clause, except that it discovers shared column names implicitly from the table metadata. Assuming we called our
SELECT * FROM AUTHOR NATURAL JOIN BOOK
create.select() .from(AUTHOR) .naturalJoin(BOOK) .fetch();
There is a high risk of ambiguities even in simple join trees, which is why this syntax is hardly ever used. It can be very rarely useful combined with FULL JOIN to form a
NATURAL FULL JOIN, which can create a sort of SQL-style untagged union type between two row types. A bit esoteric for every day usage.