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UPDATE .. RETURNING

Applies to ✅ Open Source Edition   ✅ Express Edition   ✅ Professional Edition   ✅ Enterprise Edition

Various dialect support a RETURNING clause or something similar on their UPDATE statements, similar as the RETURNING clause in INSERT statements. This is useful to fetch trigger-generated values in one go. An example is given here:

-- Fetch a trigger-generated value
UPDATE BOOK
SET TITLE = 'Animal Farm'
WHERE ID = 5
RETURNING TITLE
String title = create.update(BOOK)
                  .set(BOOK.TITLE, "Animal Farm")
                  .where(BOOK.ID.eq(5))
                  .returningResult(BOOK.TITLE)
                  .fetchOne().getValue(BOOK.TITLE);

Dialect support

This example using jOOQ:

update(BOOK).set(BOOK.TITLE, "New Title").returningResult(BOOK.ID)

Translates to the following dialect specific expressions:

Aurora Postgres, CockroachDB, Postgres, SQLite, YugabyteDB

UPDATE BOOK
SET
  TITLE = 'New Title'
RETURNING BOOK.ID

DB2, H2

SELECT ID
FROM FINAL TABLE (
  UPDATE BOOK
  SET
    BOOK.TITLE = 'New Title'
) BOOK

Firebird

UPDATE BOOK
SET
  BOOK.TITLE = 'New Title'
RETURNING BOOK.ID

MariaDB

INSERT INTO BOOK (
  ID,
  AUTHOR_ID,
  TITLE,
  PUBLISHED_IN,
  LANGUAGE_ID
)
SELECT
  BOOK.ID,
  BOOK.AUTHOR_ID,
  BOOK.TITLE,
  BOOK.PUBLISHED_IN,
  BOOK.LANGUAGE_ID
FROM BOOK
ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE
  BOOK.TITLE = 'New Title'
RETURNING ID

Oracle

DECLARE
  o0 DBMS_SQL.NUMBER_TABLE;
  c0 sys_refcursor;
BEGIN
  UPDATE BOOK
  SET
    BOOK.TITLE = 'New Title'
  RETURNING BOOK.ID
  BULK COLLECT INTO o0;
  ? := SQL%ROWCOUNT;
  OPEN c0 FOR SELECT * FROM TABLE(o0);
  ? := c0;
END;

SQLServer

UPDATE BOOK
SET
  BOOK.TITLE = 'New Title'
OUTPUT inserted.ID

ASE, Access, Aurora MySQL, BigQuery, Derby, DuckDB, Exasol, HSQLDB, Hana, Informix, MemSQL, MySQL, Redshift, SQLDataWarehouse, Snowflake, Sybase, Teradata, Trino, Vertica

/* UNSUPPORTED */

(These are currently generated with jOOQ 3.20, see #10141), or translate your own on our website

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