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Optional column expressions
Applies to ✅ Open Source Edition ✅ Express Edition ✅ Professional Edition ✅ Enterprise Edition
A key capability when creating dynamic SQL queries is to be able to provide optional column expressions. For example, imagine you have a condition based on which you want to add an ORDER BY clause and a LIMIT clause. You can do this using DSL.noField():
boolean condition = ... create.select(BOOK.ID) .from(BOOK) .orderBy(condition ? BOOK.ID : noField()) .limit(condition ? val(10) : noField(INTEGER)) .fetch();
The above query produces:
-- If condition is true SELECT book.id FROM book ORDER BY book.id LIMIT 10 -- If condition is false SELECT book.id FROM book
In clauses that do not project columns, the
noField() expression will be ignored. If that means the clause is empty, then the entire clause will be omitted. This does not apply to clauses that project a
Record type, including the SELECT clause, row value expressions, or nested records, as well as function calls, in case of which a
NULL value will be projected.