Available in versions: Dev (3.20) | Latest (3.19) | 3.18 | 3.17 | 3.16 | 3.15 | 3.14 | 3.13 | 3.12 | 3.11 | 3.10

GENERATE_SERIES

Applies to ✅ Open Source Edition   ✅ Express Edition   ✅ Professional Edition   ✅ Enterprise Edition

A nice built-in table-valued function from the PostgreSQL dialect is the GENERATE_SERIES() function, which allows for creating a table for a range of numeric values. Many dialects have some way of generating such a table, and if not, it can be emulated using recursive SQL.

// Values from 1 to 10
Result<Record1<Integer>> r = create.selectFrom(generateSeries(1, 10)).fetch();

Dialect support

This example using jOOQ:

selectFrom(generateSeries(1, 10))

Translates to the following dialect specific expressions:

Aurora Postgres, DuckDB, Postgres, YugabyteDB

SELECT generate_series.generate_series
FROM generate_series(1, 10)

BigQuery

SELECT generate_series.generate_series
FROM (
  SELECT null generate_series
  FROM UNNEST([STRUCT(1 AS dual)]) AS dual
  WHERE FALSE
  UNION ALL
  SELECT *
  FROM unnest(generate_array(1, 10)) generate_series
) generate_series

CockroachDB

SELECT generate_series.generate_series
FROM generate_series(1, 10) generate_series (generate_series)

DB2

SELECT generate_series.generate_series
FROM (
  WITH
    generate_series(generate_series) AS (
      SELECT 1
      FROM SYSIBM.DUAL
      UNION ALL
      SELECT (generate_series + 1)
      FROM generate_series
      WHERE generate_series < 10
    )
  SELECT generate_series
  FROM generate_series
) generate_series

Exasol, Oracle

SELECT generate_series.generate_series
FROM (
  SELECT (level + (1 - 1)) generate_series
  FROM DUAL
  CONNECT BY level <= ((10 + 1) - 1)
) generate_series

Firebird

SELECT generate_series.generate_series
FROM (
  WITH RECURSIVE
    generate_series(generate_series) AS (
      SELECT 1
      FROM RDB$DATABASE
      UNION ALL
      SELECT (generate_series + 1)
      FROM generate_series
      WHERE generate_series < 10
    )
  SELECT generate_series
  FROM generate_series
) generate_series

H2

SELECT generate_series.generate_series
FROM system_range(1, 10) generate_series (generate_series)

HSQLDB

SELECT generate_series.generate_series
FROM (
  WITH RECURSIVE
    generate_series(generate_series) AS (
      SELECT 1
      FROM (VALUES(1)) AS dual(dual)
      UNION ALL
      SELECT (generate_series + 1)
      FROM generate_series
      WHERE generate_series < 10
    )
  SELECT generate_series
  FROM generate_series
) generate_series

Informix

SELECT generate_series.generate_series
FROM (
  SELECT (level + (1 - 1)) generate_series
  FROM (
    SELECT 1 AS dual
    FROM systables
    WHERE (tabid = 1)
  ) AS dual
  CONNECT BY level <= ((10 + 1) - 1)
) generate_series

MariaDB, MySQL, SQLite, Trino

SELECT generate_series.generate_series
FROM (
  WITH RECURSIVE
    generate_series(generate_series) AS (
      SELECT 1
      UNION ALL
      SELECT (generate_series + 1)
      FROM generate_series
      WHERE generate_series < 10
    )
  SELECT generate_series
  FROM generate_series
) generate_series

Snowflake

SELECT generate_series.generate_series
FROM (
  SELECT ((seq4() + 1) + (1 - 1)) generate_series
  FROM TABLE(generator(rowcount => (10 - (1 - 1))))
) generate_series (generate_series)

SQLDataWarehouse

WITH
  generate_series(generate_series) AS (
    SELECT 1
    UNION ALL
    SELECT (generate_series + 1)
    FROM generate_series
    WHERE generate_series < 10
  )
SELECT generate_series.generate_series
FROM (
  SELECT generate_series
  FROM generate_series
) generate_series

SQLServer

SELECT generate_series.generate_series
FROM (
  SELECT *
  FROM generate_series(1, 10)
) generate_series (generate_series)

Sybase

SELECT generate_series.generate_series
FROM (
  WITH RECURSIVE
    generate_series(generate_series) AS (
      SELECT 1
      FROM SYS.DUMMY
      UNION ALL
      SELECT (generate_series + 1)
      FROM generate_series
      WHERE generate_series < 10
    )
  SELECT generate_series
  FROM generate_series
) generate_series

Teradata

WITH RECURSIVE
  generate_series(generate_series) AS (
    SELECT 1
    FROM (
      SELECT 1 AS "dual"
    ) AS "dual"
    UNION ALL
    SELECT (generate_series + 1)
    FROM generate_series
    WHERE generate_series < 10
  )
SELECT generate_series.generate_series
FROM (
  SELECT generate_series
  FROM generate_series
) generate_series

ASE, Access, Aurora MySQL, Derby, Hana, MemSQL, Redshift, Vertica

/* UNSUPPORTED */

(These are currently generated with jOOQ 3.20, see #10141), or translate your own on our website

References to this page

Feedback

Do you have any feedback about this page? We'd love to hear it!

The jOOQ Logo